Customs, traditions and holidays in Bulgaria

Traditions and holidays in Bulgaria are inextricably linked with the historical past of this country. High rises and terrible losses keep the memory of the Bulgarian people. Perhaps it is for this reason that the Bulgarian calendar is full of various national, international and Christian holidays.

New Year in Bulgaria is a bright and full of emotions holiday. Preparation for it begins at the end of November. On the central squares of cities and towns, fir trees are set up and decorated, shops are full of lights and garlands, souvenirs are sold at every corner.
A rich meal promises a happy New Year. On this day, every table must have a sweet banitsa with "kasmeti" – wishes of good luck in every piece.

With the first minutes of the New Year, the time comes for the ancient Surva ritual – the expulsion of evil forces and spirits with fire and masks. Modern survakari “hit” hosts and guests on the back with dogwood branches, blessing and wishing health. Survachka is decorated with coins, small bagels, woolen threads of various colors, hot peppers, nuts and seeds.

Each of the symbols has a certain meaning – good luck in finance, love and health.

On January 8, all of Bulgaria celebrates Babin’s Day. Since pagan times, on this day, midwives – "women" who helped with childbirth, visited houses where children were received. For those who are older, they washed their eyes, the little ones were bathed. In the afternoon, women came to the woman with gifts. Men on this day tried not to leave the house so as not to meet women.

The modern interpretation of this ancient holiday is a tribute to obstetricians and gynecologists, employees of maternity hospitals and departments.
Recently, Bulgarians began to celebrate St. Valentine’s Day. On the fourteenth of February, the inhabitants of the country honor another ancient holiday – Tryphon Zarezan.

The Bulgarians owe the spread of winemaking to the Thracians, whose tribes inhabited the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, Dionysus was distinguished from all the gods. The pagan worship ritual gradually took root among the Christians and was named after the priest Tryphon, who was executed in Nicaea. According to the legends, on that day, insects attacked all the vineyards and fields of the country, and the farmers asked Saint Tryphon to protect them.

On this day it is necessary to cut the grapes in order to get a rich harvest in the fall. On this day, viticulturists, farmers, gardeners and owners of taverns and restaurants accept congratulations.

On the eve of the Baba Marta holiday, with which they celebrate the arrival of spring, cities change beyond recognition. Colorful stands with decorations are located in parks and squares, forming long alleys. The symbol of the holiday – the traditional martenitsa – is twisted white and red woolen threads, which, according to legend, protect against diseases and the evil eye.

In addition to the intertwined red and white thread, martenitsa are made in the form of bracelets, chains, brooches, panels, dolls and postcards – the fantasy of modern craftswomen knows no bounds. Relatives and acquaintances exchange jewelry on this day, wishing each other health, good luck and happiness. To make wishes come true, martenitsa is tied on the branches of a flowering tree.

The third of March is a public holiday, the Day of Liberation from Turkish slavery, celebrated annually since 1878, after the Russian-Turkish war. This date is one of the most significant dates in Bulgarian history, it is considered the beginning of the revival of Bulgaria.
The eighth of March is not officially a day off in Bulgaria, but, nevertheless, it is honored and observed no less than other important holidays. The holiday is supervised by the UN. On this day, from the TV screens, Bulgarian announcers recall the merits of compatriots in the fields of economy and finance, medicine, politics, and social activities.

On April 1, the day of humor and jokes, the Bulgarian authorities hold regional festivals and folk festivals. Particular attention is drawn to the celebration of the inhabitants of the capital of humor – Gabrovo, known throughout the world for excessive thrift and diligence.
Palm Sunday – "Flower" – is marked by the awakening of nature and the onset of spring. On this day, those who bear names associated with the name of flowers celebrate their name days. A crown is woven from the consecrated willow and kept until the next year.

Like Easter (Velikden), the dates of the Flower Room change every year.

Labor Day May 1 is an official holiday in Bulgaria since 1939. On this day, concerts are held in open areas with congratulations from government officials.

On May 6, Bulgaria celebrates the Day of the Bulgarian Army. The President and people welcome the Bulgarian Army Parade in front of the monument to the Unknown Soldier in Sofia, and the Patriarch of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church consecrates the banners. A parade of military equipment and aviation is being held in the center of the capital. The ancient rituals of the Day of St.

George, the patron and protector of sheepdogs, are associated with the fertility of the herd, the veneration of flowers and plants. Special ceremonial dishes are necessarily prepared for this date, and according to legend, on this day you need to wash yourself with morning dew in order to protect life and maintain health.

The twenty-fourth of May is the Day of Bulgarian Culture and Slavonic Literature. Every year on this day they glorify Cyril and Methodius, the creators of the Slavic alphabet. At the festive concert, pupils and students, members of dance and song groups perform performances in national dress – wear, characteristic of the region.

This is an incredibly colorful holiday, saturated with respect, worship and gratitude.

September 6th is the Day of the Union of Eastern Rumelia (Southern Bulgaria) and the Principality of Bulgaria. This holiday characterizes the first Bulgarian conquest without the participation of external forces and assistance, a statement of the independence and importance of the state.
The people of the Republic of Bulgaria celebrate Independence Day on September 22 every year. In 1908, the independence of the state was declared in Tarnovo (the old capital of Bulgaria – Veliko Tarnovo), Prince Ferdinand I becomes the Bulgarian Tsar. This event was preceded by thirty years of economic growth of the Bulgarian state and the strengthening of positions on the Balkan Peninsula. The new status of independent Bulgaria was finally recognized in the spring of 1909

November 1 is celebrated as the Day of People’s Leaders – a pan-Bulgarian holiday of national consciousness and historical memory. On this day, famous and nameless leaders, educators, mentors, writers who led and inspired the Bulgarian people through centuries of suffering, slavery and violence are honored. They remember those who forced their people to believe in their own strength and fight.

Schools are closed on this day, and after dark, impressively beautiful processions with torches and banners are held.